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23 Jan 2021

They maintained this control even after the Caliphate's collapse in the early 11th century and until the arrival of the Almoravids. Although the population of the city grew, it did so only slowly up until the late 1960s, when the pace of growth finally accelerated. [70] Much of Fez's bourgeois classes moved to the growing metropolises of Casablanca and the capital, Rabat. Buy tickets in advance on Tripadvisor. The Barceló Fès Medina**** is an urban hotel designed to be a haven of tranquillity, located just beside the Medina. [13] Larger and richer mansions, such as the Dar Mnebhi, Dar Moqri, and Palais Jamaï (Jamai Palace), have also been preserved. [12] One of the most famous is the Funduq al-Najjariyyin, which was built in the 18th century by Amin Adiyil to provide accommodation and storage for merchants and which now houses the Nejjarine Museum of Wooden Arts & Crafts. [14][17][21] The Fatimids took the city in 927 and expelled the Idrisids definitively, after which their Miknasa (one of the Zenata tribes) were installed there. I was able to take plenty of pictures of the beautiful city as we explored its alleys. [14]:377[74][75], Today Fez remains a regional capital and one of Morocco's most important cities. [13]:26[70]:216 Between 1971 and 2000, the population of the city roughly tripled from 325,000 to 940,000. [133][130][131] They were generally built next to a well or natural spring which provided water, while the sloping topography of the city allowed for easy drainage. Originally, the dye for the hats came from a berry that was grown outside the city, known as the Turkish kızılcık or Greek akenia (Cornus mas). The oldest university in the world is also located in the Medina of Fez. [120][121] Another well-known and important zawiya is the Zawiyia of Sidi Ahmed al-Tijani, which commemorates Sidi Ahmed al-Tijani, the founder of Tijaniyyah tariqa from the 18th century. [59][60] Fez and its Dar al-Makhzen ceased to be the center of power in Morocco as the capital was moved to Rabat, which remained the capital even after independence in 1956. After the downfall of the Idrisid dynasty, other empires came and went until the 11th century when the Almoravid Sultan Yusuf ibn Tashfin united the two settlements into what is today's Fes el-Bali quarter. [12]:35[13]:35[14]:83 These settlements (Madinat Fas and Al-'Aliya) would soon develop into two walled and largely autonomous sites, often in conflict with one another. The old city is located in a valley along the banks of the Oued Fes (Fez River) just above its confluence with the larger Sebou River to the northeast. [12] In 1033, under the leader Tamim, several thousand Jews were killed in the Fez Massacre. He immediately built a separate fortified palace in the countryside, Dar Dbibegh, where he resided instead. Until today, the medina of Fez is the largest car-free zone in the world. Dar Batha is a former palace completed by the Alaouite Sultan Moulay Abdelaziz (ruled 1894-1908) and turned into a museum in 1915 with around 6,000 pieces. [34], In 1250 Fez regained its capital status under the Marinid dynasty. [80][81], Located by the Atlas Mountains, Fez has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa) with a strong continental influence, shifting from relatively cool and wet in the winter to dry and hot days in the summer months between June and September. [13][102][103] According to the World Jewish Congress there were only 150 Moroccan Jews remaining in Fes. Fez has the best-preserved old city in the Arab world, the sprawling, labyrinthine medina of Fes el-Bali, which is incidentally also the world's largest car-free urban zone. The medina of Fez is listed as a World Heritage Site and is the one of the world largest urban pedestrian zones. [66][13] By contrast, the old city (medina) of Fez was increasingly settled by poorer rural migrants from the countryside. List of twin towns and sister cities in Morocco, "Medina of Fez – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Note de présentation des premiers résultats du Recensement Général de la Population et de l'Habitat 2014", "An architectural Investigation of Marinid and Watasid Fes", "La magnifique rénovation des 27 monuments de Fès – Conseil Régional du Tourisme (CRT) de Fès", Roudh el-Kartas: Histoire des souverains du Maghreb, http://www.al-hakawati.net/english/Cities/fez.asp, "3. [125], The University of al-Qarawiyyin is considered by some to be the oldest continually-operating university in the world. [117][118][119] The two other major tanneries are the Sidi Moussa Tannery to the west of the Zawiya of Moulay Idris II and the Ain Azliten Tannery in the neighbourhood of the same name on the northern edge of Fes el-Bali. [29] Perhaps as a result of persistent tensions with the city's inhabitants, the Saadians built a number of new forts and bastions around the city which appear to have been aimed at keeping control over the local population. These old buildings are surrounded by eight kilometers of fortified walls that were built in an attempt to keep invaders out of the city. This site is not affiliated with any government entity associated with a name similar to the site domain name. [109] City walls were placed into the current positions during the 11th century, under the Almoravid rule. [24] He developed much of Fez's water distribution infrastructure, which has largely survived up to the present day. These two waves of immigrants gave the city its Arabic character and would subsequently give their name to the districts of 'Adwat Al-Andalus and 'Adwat al-Qarawiyyin. [61][62][63] The existence today of a Ville Nouvelle ("New City") alongside a historic medina in Fez was thus a consequence of this early colonial decision-making. [94][12] The Ville Nouvelle (New City) also includes many modern mosques. The medina of Fez was founded in the 9th century at around the same time that Islam arrived in Morocco and the imperial rule that would create the country began. The Occidental Fès Medina hotel has been created as a haven of peace in the heart of the Medina. Striking peaks, green forests and refreshing Andalusian gardens are all a part of staying at the Zalagh Parc Palace. In 1472 the Wattasids, another Zenata dynasty which had previously served as viziers under the Marinid sultans, succeeded as rulers of Morocco from Fez. We had a great day trip in Fez, the handicrafts capital of Morocco. Medina of Fez is open: Tue - Wed 12:00 AM - 11:59 PM. Fuel was provided by wood but also by recycling the waste by-products of other industries in the city such as wood shavings from carpenters' workshops and olive pits from the nearby olive presses. Explore the Fez Medina. [12][137] A large area of Fes el-Jdid is also taken up by the 80-hectare Royal Palace, or Dar al-Makhzen, whose new ornate gates (built in 1969-71) are renowned but whose grounds are not open to the public as they are still used by the King of Morocco when visiting the city. Some of these cemeteries include marabouts or domed structures containing the tombs of local Muslim saints (often considered Sufis). [64][65][61] This separation was partly softened, however, by wealthy Moroccans who started moving into the Ville Nouvelles during this period. – Cabinet Consulting Expertise International", "Palais Glaoui | Fez, Morocco Attractions". The latter would flee to Portugal where he asked king Sebastian of Portugal for help to regain his throne. Note: In most pictures we have added an "uffdahhh" watermark for identification. Fez or Fes (/fɛz/; Arabic: فاس‎, romanized: fās, Berber languages: ⴼⴰⵙ, romanized: fas, French: Fès) is a city in northern inland Morocco and the capital of the Fès-Meknès administrative region. Funky Mexican Cantina at Fes Medina, Mexican Cuisine in Morocco. The hotel is situated within the Imperial City of Fez, Morocco's first imperial city, which has been declared a world heritage site by UNESCO. Geography. Many of the buildings that loom over the small streets are from this period, renovated to keep up with modern usages but retaining the original character of this period. From the undressing room visitors proceeded to the bathing/washing area which consisted of three rooms: the cold room (el-barrani in the local Arabic dialect; equivalent to the frigidarium), the middle room or warm room (el-wasti in Arabic; equivalent to the tepidarium), and the hot room (ad-dakhli in Arabic; equivalent to the caldarium). [33][32]:109 Not all the land within the city walls was densely inhabited; much of it was still relatively open and was occupied by crops and gardens used by the inhabitants. But what really makes it special is that Riad Fes is not just a riad. Those visiting the Fez Medina in this way are assisted by staff who care for their every need as well as maintaining these world heritage buildings. The majority of the population lives in the Ville Nouvelle region and other modern-day neighbourhoods outside the historic walled city. The Medina of Fez is considered as one of the most extensive and best conserved historic towns of the Arab-Muslim world."[95]. [58] A few years later the French Colonel Charles Émile Moinier arrived in Fez in 1911 and established itself at Dar Dbibegh. [82][83][84][85], The prefecture is divided administratively into the following:[89], According to the 2014 national census, the population of Fez was 1,150,131, including suburbs and satellite villages such as Sidi Harazem. [36][12][13] It is from the Marinid period that Fez's reputation as an important intellectual centre largely dates. [12], Starting with the reign of Moulay Muhammad ibn Abdallah, between 1757 and 1790, the country stabilized and Fez finally regained its fortunes. [12][24], In 1069–1070 (or possibly a few years later[23]), Fez was conquered by the Almoravids under Yusuf ibn Tashfin. [101] The Zawiya of Moulay Idriss II (previously mentioned) and the Zawiya of Sidi Ahmed al-Tijani include mosque areas as well, as do several other prominent zawiyas in the city. The City of Fez is the first imperial city of Morocco… Visitors now get an opportunity to experience how people lived in the 9th century. It is not known whether the name al-ʿĀliyá ever referred to both urban areas.

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