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23 Jan 2021

Reforms such as these may be proclaimed by a government, by interested groups, or by revolution. CHAPTER ONE. Land reform has therefore become synonymous with agrarian reform or a rapid improvement of the agrarian structure, which comprises the land tenure system, the pattern of cultivation and farm organization, the scale of farm operation, the terms of tenancy, and the institutions of rural credit, marketing, and education. Abolition of Jamindars and Jagirdars: The powerful Jamindars and Jagirdars have become inexistent. Omissions? The view that the land reform sector is inefficient was also contradicted by Dovring (I970) and Mueller (I970), both of which report favourably on the performance of the land reform sector in Mexico up to I960. They try to create employment opportunities and education and health services and to redistribute the benefits to the community at large, the younger generation as the main target. This happens especially when the reformers are still in sympathy with the landlord class and consciously prefer a moderate rather than a radical reform. 0000000016 00000 n Finally, reform may be introduced simply as the most expedient way to resolve a crisis or avoid a revolution. Emeritus Professor of Economics, University of California, Davis. Land Reform Programme in Zimbabwe: Disparity Between Policy Design and Implementation Medicine Masiiwa Institute of Development Studies University of Zimbabwe May 2004 Note: An adapted version of this paper appears in the edited collection Post Independence Land Reform in Zimbabwe, published in May 2004 by the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung in Harare. This piece reviews major literature on the importance of land and land reform processes in the developing world with more emphasis on the situation in Ghana. Land reform, a purposive change in the way in which agricultural land is held or owned, the methods of cultivation that are employed, or the relation of agriculture to the rest of the economy. 0000003358 00000 n A third objective is to create democracy—a stated purpose of both capitalist and, in the 20th century, communist reformers. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Excessively large farms (latifundia) and excessively small farms (minifundia) tend to be inefficient. The impact of land reform on growth also depends upon the type of land reform… Critically examine the impact of land reforms on Indian economy and society. The concentration of land in the hands of big landowners has not... 3. Britannica now has a site just for parents! It is believed to allow previously unemployed people to participate in the economy and better the country's economic growth. In order to deal effectively with this land reform policy and expropriation, policy makers need to establish strategies to fairly compensate those who are misplaced in order to increase opportunities and maintain development of the people. Another mechanism has been to encourage labour-intensive cultivation, on the assumption that traditional or feudal landowners often use their land extensively and wastefully. [13] While his long reign has drawn criticism from western observers, he has remained the biggest supporter of the land reform in R… Nurlan Almaganbetov was an IPF fellow from 2004-05 and he carried out extensive fieldwork in different parts of Kazakhstan in order to assess some of the impacts of recent land reforms. Land reform has had a serious negative effect on the Zimbabwe's economy and heavily contributed to its collapse in the 2000s. The model, calibrated to pre-reform farm data from the Philippines, implies that on impact the land reform reduces average farm size by 34% and agricultural productivity by 17%. Land Reform Programme (FTLRP), which started in 2000, has created an expanded number and array of small, medium and large scale farms, and … Most capitalist reforms are based on the premise that individual private ownership in the form of independent family farms will promote and sustain democratic institutions. 0000001148 00000 n 0000005015 00000 n %%EOF Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In recent decades the concept has been broadened in recognition of the strategic role of land and agriculture in development. The most common proclaimed objective of land reform is to abolish feudalism, which usually means overthrowing the landlord class and transferring its powers to the reforming elite or its surrogates. 0000002218 00000 n IMPACT OF LAND REFORM ON LAND RIGHTS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF CALABAR) TABLE OF CONTENTS. 0000003035 00000 n <<8dbc26d6df0dac48a028c725dd4493f4>]>> In addition, land reform has increasingly been used to encourage investments in rural areas to enable rural transformation [22] . https://www.britannica.com/topic/land-reform. In this sense, the form of tenure determines the wealth and income distribution based on the land: if private ownership is permitted, class differentiation is unavoidable; in contrast, public ownership eliminates such distinctions. 0000001232 00000 n The abolition of intermediaries has stopped exploitation. Land reform has resulted in a very di"erent farming sector, but one that is not without considerable entrepreneurial dynamism and productive potential. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Transfer of land … The patterns of wealth and income distribution and of social and political influence are partly determined by the laws governing land tenure. They define the land title and the extent to which the owner can freely dispose of it and of the income accruing from its use. 121 18 Impact. Thus reform may be considered a problem-solving mechanism. Finally, reform aims at coordinating agriculture with the rest of the economy. Acceptable forms of tenure and the privileges and responsibilities that go with them it refers to an measure! Agricultural wages and India assumption that traditional or feudal landowners often use their extensively! 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