Antihypertensive – Any medicine or other therapy that lowers blood pressure. Also called exercise test, stress test, nuclear stress test, or treadmill test. Cardiac amyloidosis – A disorder caused by deposits of an abnormal protein (amyloid) in the heart tissue, which make it hard for the heart to work properly. angioplasty. Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) – A mechanical device that can be placed outside the body or implanted inside the body. May also simply be called heart disease. Myocardial ischemia – Occurs when a part of the heart muscle does not receive enough oxygen. An RVAD does not replace the heart—it “assists” or “helps” it pump oxygen-poor blood from the right ventricle to the lungs. Internal mammary artery – A durable artery in the chest wall often used as a bypass graft in coronary artery bypass surgery. Cardiomyopathy – A disease of the heart muscle that leads to generalized deterioration of the muscle and its pumping ability. I25.10 Atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery without angina pectoris. Angioplasty is an example of a transcatheter intervention. They provide blood to the heart muscle. Heart assist device – A mechanical device that is surgically implanted to ease the workload of the heart. Cardiomalacia: A softening of the muscular walls of the heart. Varicose vein – Any vein that is abnormally dilated (widened). angina pectoris. Medical root words come from many different languages (e.g., Greek, Latin, Arabic, French, and German) and find their way into English. Coronary artery bypass (CAB) – Surgical rerouting of blood around a diseased vessel that supplies blood to the heart. Study Cardiovascular System Root Words flashcards from Kim Aker's class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. Polyunsaturated fat – The major fat in most vegetable oils, including corn, safflower, sunflower, and soybean oils. The balloon is inflated to open and separate any narrowed or stiffened flaps (called leaflets) of a valve. Diastolic blood pressure – The lowest blood pressure measured in the arteries. Sarcoidosis often affects your skin, eyes, or liver, but it can lead to heart problems, such as irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias) or restrictive cardiomyopathy. An understanding of the common root words will help us make educated guesses about the meaning of new words and substantially strengthen our vocabulary. Blalock-Taussig procedure – A shunt between the subclavian and pulmonary arteries used to increase the supply of oxygen-rich blood in “blue babies” (see below). Arteriography – A test that is combined with cardiac catheterization to visualize an artery or the arterial system after injection of a contrast dye. Too much iron in the pancreas can lead to diabetes. To make up for this, the ventricles use their own “backup” pacemaker with its slower rate. Coronary arteries – Two arteries arising from the aorta that arch down over the top of the heart and divide into branches. Embolus – Also called embolism; a blood clot that forms in a blood vessel in one part of the body and travels to another part. Cerebral embolism – A blood clot formed in one part of the body and then carried by the bloodstream to the brain, where it blocks an artery. Antiplatelet therapy – Medicines that stop blood cells (called platelets) from sticking together and forming a blood clot. Stent – A device made of expandable, metal mesh that is placed (by using a balloon catheter) at the site of a narrowing artery. Ventricle (right and left) – One of the two lower chambers of the heart. ARVD causes ventricular arrhythmias. Hands-only CPR involves only chest compressions. Coronary heart disease – Disease of the heart caused by a buildup of atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries that can lead to angina pectoris or heart attack. amaurosis fugax. Coronary artery anomaly (CAA) – A congenital defect in one or more of the coronary arteries of the heart. Heart-lung machine – An apparatus that oxygenates and pumps blood to the body during open heart surgery; see cardiopulmonary bypass. Phlebosclerosis: Sclerosis of the wall of a vein. ejercicio cardiovascular. Transcatheter intervention – Any of the noninvasive procedures usually performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. Calcium channel blocker (or calcium blocker) – A medicine that lowers blood pressure by regulating calcium-related electrical activity in the heart. X-ray – Form of radiation used to create a picture of internal body structures on film. See more. For some people, high homocysteine levels are genetic. Atheroma: A fatty deposit in the inner lining of an artery. Digitalis is used to treat congestive heart failure (CHF) and heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias). Base words sometimes change spelling when combined with other word parts. The root of a word is its main part and core meaning. Prefix Base Word/Root Suffix uni-(one) ceive or cept (take)-al (relating to) bi-(two) color -ation, -ion, -sion (state or quality of) Everyone has a PFO before birth, but in 1 out of every 3 or 4 people, the opening does not close naturally, as it should, after birth. The node is a group of specialized cells in the top of the right atrium which produces the electrical impulses that travel down to eventually reach the ventricular muscle, causing the heart to contract. Bypass – Surgery that can improve blood flow to the heart (or other organs and tissues) by providing a new route, or “bypass” around a section of clogged or diseased artery. Saturated fat – Type of fat found in foods of animal origin and a few of vegetable origin; they are usually solid at room temperature. Here’s a list of cardio roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Insulin is needed to convert sugar and starch into the energy used in daily life. Electroencephalogram (EEG) – A test that can detect and record the brain’s electrical activity. Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) – A disorder that causes an increased heart rate when a person stands upright. Murmur – Noises superimposed on normal heart sounds. For example, autologous stem cells are those taken from the patient’s own body. Estrogen (or hormone) replacement therapy (ERT or HRT) – Hormones that some women may take to offset the effects of menopause. The material makes it possible for a special camera to take pictures of the heart. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) – A general term referring to conditions affecting the heart (cardio) and blood vessels (vascular system). aorta. When fibrillation occurs, the ventricles cannot pump blood throughout the body. We recorded reference values for these and other possible aortic root measurements by cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Enlarged heart – A state in which the heart is larger than normal because of heredity, long-term heavy exercise, or diseases and disorders such as obesity, high blood pressure, and coronary artery disease. Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) – A regular rapid heart rate (150-250 beats per minute) that is caused by events triggered in areas above the heart’s lower chambers (the ventricles); see also paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). Pericarditis – Inflammation of the outer membrane surrounding the heart. Usually caused by a serious arrhythmia. Mitral valve regurgitation – Failure of the mitral valve to close properly, causing blood to flow back into the heart’s upper left chamber (the left atrium) instead of moving forward into the lower left chamber (the left ventricle). People feel like they can’t get enough air, so they breathe heavily and rapidly, which can lead to numb or tingly arms and legs, or fainting. Root words and combining forms in the cardiovascular system Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Cardiologist – A doctor who specializes in the study of the heart and its function in health and disease. Myocardiopathy: Refers to a group of diseases that affects the heart muscle. Cardiac enzymes – Complex substances capable of speeding up certain biochemical processes in the heart muscle. See also NSTEMI. First, prefixes and suffixes, most of which are derived from ancient Greek or classical Latin, have a droppable -o-. Transesophageal echocardiography – A diagnostic test that analyzes sound waves bounced off the heart. Cardiovascular starts with c and ends in r. Article with 8 consonants, 6 vowels. Pericardiocentesis – A diagnostic procedure that uses a needle to withdraw fluid from the sac or membrane surrounding the heart (pericardium). Superior vena cava – The large vein that returns blood from the head and arms to the heart. Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) – A test in which several electronic sensors are placed on the body to monitor electrical activity associated with the heartbeat. Hematocrit – A measure of the percentage of red blood cells in a given amount (or volume) of whole blood. Also called “stiff heart syndrome.”. Learn with examples for Root words: Angio, aorto, arterio, athero, cardio, endocardio, myocardio, phlebo and thrombo. Cardiovascular definition is - of, relating to, or involving the heart and blood vessels. (o) – combining vowel. atherosclerosis. Here are some roots for your heart and blood vessels. Congenital heart defects – Malformation of the heart or of its major blood vessels present at birth. Cineangiography – The technique of using moving pictures to show how a special dye passes through blood vessels, allowing doctors to diagnose diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Pancreatitis – Swelling (inflammation) of the pancreas. Cardiovascular… See definitions of cardiovascular. Sheath – A catheter-like tube that is placed inside a patient’s vessel during an interventional procedure to help the doctor with insertion and proper placement of the actual catheter. Obesity – The condition of being significantly overweight. cardiovascular (masculine and feminine plural cardiovasculars) cardiovascular; Further reading “cardiovascular” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans. An LVAD does not replace the heart—it “assists” or “helps” it pump oxygen-rich blood from the left ventricle to the rest of the body. See authoritative translations of Cardiovascular in English with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. Body mass index (BMI) – A number that indicates an increased risk of cardiovascular disease from a person being overweight. Commissurotomy -A procedure used to widen the opening of a heart valve that has been narrowed by scar tissue. Fibrillation – Rapid, uncoordinated contractions of individual heart muscle fibers. Diabetes (diabetes mellitus) – A disease in which the body doesn’t produce or properly use insulin. The root of a word is the foundation of a medical term and provides the general meaning of the word. NSTEMI – Non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction. Risk factor – An element or condition involving a certain hazard or danger. High blood pressure – A chronic increase in blood pressure above its normal range. Arrhythmia (or dysrhythmia) – An abnormal heartbeat. Bacteria – Germs that can lead to disease. Your heart is cardio; Your veins and arteries are vas or vasc; The system of heart and blood vessels is sometimes called the cardiovascular system ; Here are more roots for your heart and blood vessels. Shunt – A connector that allows blood to flow between two locations. Mitral stenosis – A narrowing of the mitral valve, which controls blood flow from the heart’s upper left chamber to its lower left chamber. Involves the entire circumference (outside wall) of the artery. Cryoablation – The removal of tissue using an instrument called a cold probe. Pulmonary embolism – A condition in which a blood clot that has formed elsewhere in the body travels to the lungs. Medical Root Words. Restenosis– The re-closing or re-narrowing of an artery after an interventional procedure such as angioplasty or stent placement. Cardiac arrest – The stopping of the heartbeat, usually because of interference with the electrical signal (often associated with coronary heart disease). Aort/o. The root word at the heart of "conformity," for example, is "form." Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) – An occasional rapid heart rate (150-250 beats per minute) that is caused by events triggered in areas above the heart’s lower chambers (the ventricles). aneurysm. Angiolipoma: These are benign subcutaneous tumors composed of fat and blood vessels. Diuretics promote urine production. Lipid – A fatty substance that is insoluble (cannot be dissolved) in the blood. It usually applies when a person is 30% or more over ideal body weight. Fatty acids (fats) – Substances that occur in several forms in foods; different fatty acids have different effects on lipid profiles.