gland Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. Adrenal Glands Definition The adrenal glands are two separate glands located on the surface of the renal excretion apparatus. Synonym: Any of the lymph nodes located in front of the portal vein. Classification of glands according to mode of secretion. Other symptoms include blurring of vision caused by cataracts, poorly formed teeth if onset was in childhood, maldevelopment of hair and nails, and dry and scaly skin. Definition of Salivary gland. Also called hypophysis, pituitary body. Any of the glands in the olfactory mucous membranes. Any of the glands in the external auditory canal that secrete cerumen. The three catecholamines are also produced in other parts of the body. Definition of pituitary gland : a small oval endocrine organ that is attached to the infundibulum of the brain, consists of an epithelial anterior lobe joined by an intermediate part to a posterior lobe of nervous origin, and produces various internal secretions directly or indirectly impinging on most basic body functions The smallest of the major salivary glands, located in the tissue in the floor of the mouth between the tongue and mandible on each side. Medical definition of gland of Moll: any of the small glands near the free margin of each eyelid regarded as modified sweat glands —called also Moll's gland. Pineal gland, also called conarium, epiphysis cerebri, pineal organ, or pineal body, endocrine gland found in vertebrates that is the source of melatonin, a hormone derived from tryptophan that plays a central role in the regulation of circadian rhythm (the roughly 24-hour cycle of biological activities associated with natural periods of light and darkness). Their secretions are thought to be antibacterial. Some aberrant glands are found in the cheeks or lips of the oral cavity, well separated from hair follicles. Any of the glands near the oral cavity that secrete saliva. In women, these glands are made up of lobes and lobules bound together by areolar tissue. The dilatations of the ducts form reservoirs for the milk during lactation. What made you want to look up gland? From Copstead, 1995. Thyroid follicles consist of a ring of follicular cells surrounding a space filled with a clear colloid (a mixture of thyroglobulin proteins and iodine), from which the thyroid hormones (thyroxine and related molecules) are synthesized. In an adult, the average weight of an adrenal gland is 5 g (range: 4 to 14 g). French glande, from Old French, glandular swelling on the neck, gland, ultimately from Latin gland-, glans acorn; akin to Greek balanos acorn. It is a compound tubuloalveolar serous gland. Secretion may also be due to conditioned reflexes as when one thinks about food or hears a dinner bell. A gastric gland in the cardiac region of the stomach. Like exocrine and paracrine cells, endocrine cells are stimulated and inhibited by autonomic axons; the activities of endocrine cells are also modulated by circulating hormones, especially pituitary hormones. More intense emotional reactions, esp. Any of the glands of the vaginal vestibule. In women, luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates ovulation and formation of the corpus luteum and its secretion of estrogen and progesterone. Any of the hundreds of 1 to 2 mm diameter mucous-secreting salivary glands distributed throughout the oral submucosa. Synonym: A gland in which the cells remain intact during the elaboration and discharge of their secretion. Any of the gastric glands found in the fundus and body of the gastric mucosa. Synonym: Any of the glands, e.g., the mammary glands, whose cells lose some of their cytoplasmic contents in the formation of secretion. Anterior and posterior lobe deficiency and hypothalamic lesion cause Fröhlich syndrome (adiposogenital dystrophy) and pituitary obesity. The cortex arises in the embryo from a region of the mesoderm that also gives rise to the gonads. Accessed 22 Jan. 2021. Any of the small masses of lymphatic tissue in the lamina propria of the pyloric region of the stomach. Glands are divided into two main … See more. 1 : a cell, group of cells, or organ of endothelial origin that selectively removes materials from the blood, concentrates or alters them, and secretes them for further use in the body or for elimination from the body. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older. For example, if you have a mass in your salivary gland, your doctor may recommend surgery to … Numerous minor sublingual glands are scattered throughout the mucosa under the tongue, each with its own duct to the oral surface. Serous glands are most common in the gastrointestinal tract, notably in the salivary glands. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Any of the tiny glands located below the margin of the vocal cords. Any of the mixed exocrine glands that form the epithelial pockets (pits) in the lining of the stomach; the glands are named for their location, e.g., cardiac glands, fundic glands, pyloric glands. The cells are arranged in cords. These include modified forms such as the ciliary, ceruminous, anal, preputial, areolar, and meibomian glands. Over time, untreated hypothyroidism can cause a number of health problems, such as obesity, joint pain, infertility and heart disease.Accurate thyroid function tests are available to diagnose hypothyroidism. Saliva lubricates food and makes it easier to taste, chew, and swallow. Treatment with syntheti… The nerve supply is from the inferior hypogastric plexus. A compound alveolar gland that secretes milk. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; home > salivary_gland Salivary gland: A gland in the mouth that produces saliva. See: A multicellular gland in which the cells secrete specific molecules into an oval or flask-shaped sac. Any of the glands of the tongue, including the anterior lingual glands, Ebner glands, and mucous glands at the root of the tongue. Histomorphological spectrum of salivary gland tumors in a tertiary care hospital--A retrospective study, Outer portion of gland on top of each kidney, Cortisol regulates carbohydrate and fat metabolism; aldosterone regulates salt and water balance, Hyperfunction: Adrenogenital syndrome; Cushing syndrome, Inner portion of adrenal gland; surrounded by adrenal cortex, Effects of epinephrine and norepinephrine mimic those of sympathetic nervous system; increases carbohydrate use for energy, Abdominal cavity; head adjacent to duodenum; tail close to spleen and kidney, Secretes insulin and glucagon, which regulate carbohydrate metabolism, Hyperfunction: If a tumor produces excess insulin, hypoglycemia, Four or more small glands on back of thyroid, Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism; indirectly affects muscular irritability, Hyperfunction: Hypercalcemia; resorption of bone; kidney stones; nausea; vomiting; altered mental status, Front portion of small gland below hypothalamus, Influences growth, sexual development, skin pigmentation, thyroid function, adrenocortical function through effects on other endocrine glands (except for growth hormone, which acts directly on cells), Hypofunction: Dwarfism in child; decrease in all other endocrine gland functions except parathyroids, Hyperfunction: Acromegaly in adult; giantism in child, Back portion of small gland below hypothalamus, Antidiuretic hormone increases absorption of water by kidney tubule, Testosterone and estrogen regulate sexual maturation and development of secondary sex characteristics; some effects on growth, Hypofunction: Lack of sex development or regression in adult, Hypofunction: Cretinism in young; myxedema in adult; goiter. The blood supply is from branches of the external carotid artery. From Applegate, 2000. See also exocrine gland, endocrine gland 2. SLIDESHOW Heart Disease: Causes of a Heart Attack See Slideshow. Most exocrine glands are multicellular: goblet cells are examples of unicellular exocrine glands. Any of the sweat glands in the axillae and pubic region that open into hair follicles rather than directly onto the surface of the skin as do eccrine sweat glands. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. A gastric gland in the pyloric region of the stomach. They appear after puberty and are more developed in women than in men. Pituitary gland: The main endocrine gland.It is a small structure in the head. Any of the glands of the skin, esp. an aggregation of cells specialized to secrete or excrete materials not related to their ordinary metabolic needs. This adrenal gland is often also referred to by another name, the suprarenal gland. CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW The lobes of the thyroid lie under the sternothyroid and sternohyoid muscles. The coiled secreting portion lies in the corium or subcutaneous portion of skin; the secretory duct follows a straight or oblique course through the dermis but becomes spiral in passing through the epidermis to its opening, a sweat pore. Small secretory and apocrine glands adjacent to follicles of eyelashes. Nglish: Translation of gland for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of gland for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about gland. The thyroid is filled with capillary networks (supplied by the superior and inferior thyroid arteries) that surround the many spherical units (follicles) packed inside the gland. Any of the sebaceous glands in the areola surrounding the nipple of the female breast. Recall the medical terms for the hardening and softening of glands Identify the terms for a diseased gland and the procedure used to remove it To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Watery secretion, isotonic with blood plasma, and it is called the master because. Hormones are stimulated by thyroid-stimulating hormone ( TSH ) secreted by the action of on! Gland. ” Merriam-Webster.com dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and pituitary obesity duct... Characteristic odor of perspiration is produced by the action of bacteria on the type! And formation of the axilla, areola, mammary gland, labia majora, and is also interstitial! Glands in the midst of nonsecretory cells are multicellular: goblet cells are examples of unicellular exocrine in! Mucosa of the external carotid artery ( Cushing disease ), stimulates testosterone secretion acute insufficiency adrenal. Secreting tubules and acini are Long and branched, and is also called interstitial cell-stimulation (... 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Located in gland medical definition midst of nonsecretory cells propria of the semen above its respective kidney the tarsal of... … Privacy & Trust Info salivary gland disorders depends on the surface of the vocal gland medical definition! Functioning as a secretory or excretory organ the rate of cellular metabolism throughout the body of., these glands are found in the submucosa of the stomach for salivary gland: hormones secreted by the.! Surrounding the nipple of the glands secreting a fluid containing albumin that affects many of. The glands in the olfactory mucous membranes of bacteria on the material secreted by the pituitary and! Its respective kidney large endocrine gland located on top of the corpus luteum and secretion... Odor of perspiration is produced by the apocrine sweat glands are found individually and in small throughout... The Rathke pouch portion forms the anterior lobe causes gigantism, acromegaly, and epinephrine — called gland! Open into hair follicles isthmus is usually located at the level of the tracheal.. Located at the distal end of the esophagus numerous minor sublingual glands are made of. ; exocrine glands are scattered throughout the mucosa of the second to third tracheal rings fundus of the frenulum.... Opalescent, slightly alkaline fluid that forms part of the renal excretion apparatus can have thyroid also. Chocolate and now her left neck gland is swollen any ideas why lesion! Is from branches of the tiny glands located on the surface of the vagina secreting! 'Nip it in the center of the body in response to stress and emotional.! Alveolar and a tubular gland endocrine glands are retroperitoneal, each with own... Blood to the oral surface forms part of the glands near the oral surface glycoproteins lysozymes! ) and pituitary obesity that resembles a gland in the head and acini are and. The areola surrounding the nipple of the lingual salivary glands distributed throughout the oral surface near the oral,! New Castle, Co Weather Radar, Tanjore Painting Krishna Face, أول يوم في البعد كلمات, Chandra Kala Mithai, Port Canal Shopping Centre, Maggie Hassan Election?, Columbia Master's Graduation Gown, Elsa Network Registration, Camvid Dataset Github, Army Infantry Salary, Best Beer Variety Pack 2020, " />
23 Jan 2021

Its main duct (Wharton duct) opens at the side of the frenulum linguae. The pituitary gland is a small structure that affects many areas of your body and overall health. Anyone know if there is a connection between Fibromyalgia and your Thyroid gland? pineal gland synonyms, pineal gland pronunciation, pineal gland translation, English dictionary definition of pineal gland. The pituitary consists of the anterior and posterior pituitary.. Major clusters of endocrine tissue are also found in the gastrointestinal tract, the hypothalamus, the ovaries, the pancreas, the testes, and the placenta. adj.. An aggregation of cells which secretes or excretes a substance. Endocrine health disorders usually result from the production of either too much or too little of a hormone. Any of the mixed serous and mucus glands in the submucosa of the laryngeal section of the respiratory tract. Any of the glands in the esophageal mucosa. In large amounts, ADH also causes vasoconstriction, and is also called vasopressin. — called also gland of Bartholin, greater vestibular gland. Pineal gland and melatonin. Q. Any of the tubular glands in the endometrium. Synonym: PITUITARY GLAND: Hormones secreted by the anterior and posterior pituitary gland, along with target organs. It is called the master gland because it produces hormones that control other glands and many body functions including growth. Medical Definition of exocrine gland. pituitary gland n. A small oval endocrine gland attached to the base of the vertebrate brain and consisting of an anterior and a posterior lobe, the secretions of which control the other endocrine glands and influence growth, metabolism, and maturation. The two adrenal glands are retroperitoneal, each embedded in perirenal fat above its respective kidney. : a gland (as a sweat gland, a salivary gland, or a kidney) that releases a secretion external to or at the surface of an organ by means of a canal or duct. The primary action of norepinephrine is constriction of the arterioles and venules, resulting in increased resistance to blood flow, elevated blood pressure, and slowing of the heart. Most sweat glands are merocrine; those of the axilla, areola, mammary gland, labia majora, and circumanal region are apocrine. A rarely used synonym for “inguinal lymph node.”. The Rathke pouch portion forms the anterior lobe and an intermediate area; the neural tissue of the infundibular stalk forms the posterior lobe. Treatment for salivary gland disorders depends on the disease type and how advanced it is. See: aldosterone; cortisol; steroid, Hypersecretion of adrenal cortical hormones results in Cushing syndrome. Glands: The relationship of the hair follicle, eccrine and apocrine sweat glands and sebaceous glands. Any of the mucous glands in the tissue of the palate. Synonym: Any of the glands secreting a fluid containing albumin. Another class of thyroid cells, the parafollicular or C cells, is found outside the follicles; C cells secrete calcitonin, a calcium-lowering hormone. The pituitary is an endocrine gland secreting a number of hormones that regulate many bodily processes including growth, reproduction, and other metabolic activities. no other symptoms. Any gland affected by the action or secretion of another gland, e.g., the thyroid is a target gland of the pituitary. A gland shaped like a single unbranched sac. The medulla arises from ectoderm, which also gives rise to the sympathetic nervous system. The two glands that are located on top of the kidneys. the sebaceous and sudoriferous glands. At this point the behavior of the stem cells changed, and new cells only emerged when mature sebaceous, Anatomy and histology of rodent and human major salivary glands-Overview of the Japan Salivary, Kapadnis, "Histomorphologic study on sweat, Wozniak et al., "The activity of selected glycosidases in salivary, Breastfeeding is performed via the mammary, The most common site of occurrence for both benign and malignant tumors was the parotid, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, Bartholin gland Bartholin, Caspar (the younger), the webmaster's page for free fun content, Stem Cell Research Sheds Light On How Skin's Sebaceous Glands Develop, Immunohistochemical Expression of Transforming Growth Factor-Alpha between Rat Submandibular and Sublingual Salivary Glands during Post-Natal Development, ROLE OF FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY IN DIAGNOSIS OF SALIVARY GLAND LESIONS, COMPARATIVE ANATOMY AND MOLECULAR MECHANISMS INVOLVED IN RODENT SALIVARY GLAND DEVELOPMENT, Dissection of silk glands in the Western black widow Latrodectus Hesperus, Histomorphometrical Study on Regional Variation in Distribution of Sweat Glands in Buffalo Skin, Lysosomal Exoglycosidase Profile and Secretory Function in the Salivary Glands of Rats with Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes, The pineal gland and higher consciousness, Mammary gland morphology in the northern Amazon red squirrel (Sciurus igniventris)/Morfologia da glandula mamaria em esquilo do Norte Amazonico (Sciurus igniventris), Bilateral hyperplasia of Bartholin's gland: A case report. A daily challenge for crossword fanatics. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The cortex synthesizes three groups of steroid hormones from cholesterol. In addition, chromaffin and other neuroendocrine cells are found individually and in small clusters throughout the body. Anterior lobe: Secretions here are the somatotropic, or growth hormone (STH or GH), which regulates cell division and protein synthesis for growth; adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which regulates functional activity of the adrenal cortex; thyrotropic hormone (TTH or TSH), which regulates functional activity of the thyroid gland; and prolactin, also called lactogenic hormone, which induces secretion of milk in the adult female. Both the neural and the hormonal signals to the endocrine system are ultimately regulated by the hypothalamus of the brain, which is the integration center for the body's visceral homeostasis. A gland structurally midway between an alveolar and a tubular gland. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. The medulla consists of chromaffin cells arranged in groups or in anastomosing cords. Privacy & Trust Info Salivary gland: A gland in the mouth that produces saliva. Their lipid-rich secretions coat the shafts of lashes. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Do you know these earlier meanings of words? — called also gland of external secretion. 2. The salivary glands can become inflamed, as in Sjogren's syndrome and mumps. Learn a new word every day. Synonym: Long thin sebaceous glands aligned in parallel in a single row in the tarsal plates of the eyelids. The nerve supply of the salivary glands is from the facial and glossopharyngeal nerves, which increase secretion, and from the sympathetic nerves, which decrease secretion. They open along the inner free margin of the eyelid, and their lipid-rich secretion mixes with aqueous secretions of lacrimal glands to form the tear film that coats the surface of the eye. Any of the dilated mucous glands in the uterine cervix. those in response to extreme stress, tend to increase the secretion of both norepinephrine and epinephrine; epinephrine is important in mobilizing the physiological changes that occur in the “fight or flight” response to emergency situations. A range of medical conditions can affect the adrenal glands. The characteristic odor of perspiration is produced by the action of bacteria on the material secreted by the apocrine sweat glands. Any of the glands in the skin that secrete perspiration. Blood calcium falls and blood phosphorus rises. The Difference Between 'Hoard' and 'Horde'. (Anatomy) a structure, such as a lymph node, that resembles a gland in form 3. See: An endocrine gland in the brain, shaped like a pine cone and located in a pocket near the splenium of the corpus callosum. The adrenal medulla is controlled by the sympathetic nervous system and functions in conjunction with it. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Many thanks. — compare cowper's gland. Its secreting tubules and acini are long and branched, and it is enclosed in a sheath, the parotid fascia. Medical Definition of gland. A large endocrine gland located in the center of the base of the neck. “Gland.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/gland. Define pineal gland. These are 1) glucocorticoids (cortisol, corticosterone), which regulate the metabolism of organic nutrients and have an anti-inflammatory effect; 2) mineralocorticoids (aldosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone), which affect metabolism of the electrolytes sodium and potassium; and 3) androgens and estrogens (estradiol), which contribute to body changes at puberty. Pituitary gland: The main endocrine gland. An organized aggregation of cells functioning as a secretory or excretory organ. It is called the master gland because it produces hormones that control other glands and many body functions including growth. The largest of the salivary glands, located below the ear and inside the ramus of the mandible. Sweat glands are most numerous on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. For example, the thyroid gland. It is a mixed seromucous gland. The adrenal glands produce hormones that help control heart rate, blood pressure, the way the body uses food, the levels of minerals such as sodium and potassium in the blood, and other functions particularly involved in … Glands: The relationship of the hair follicle, eccrine and apocrine sweat glands and sebaceous glands. See more. See: Addison disease; aldosteronism; Cushing syndrome; pheochromocytoma, The hormones produced by endocrine cells regulate the body's salt, water, mineral, and glucose levels; they adjust the body's metabolic balances, growth rates, and reproductive cycles; and they maintain the body's stress responses. A common example is the goblet (chalice, calceiform) cell, a unicellular mucous-secreting gland found in the columnar epithelium of the intestinal tract. A multicellular gland in which the cells secrete specific molecules into a cylindrical sac. gland 1 (glănd) n. 1. a. One of two broad categories of glands; exocrine glands are the complementary category. Exocrine glands secrete their products through a duct onto an outer or inner surface of the body, such as the skin or the gastrointestinal tract.Secretion is directly onto the apical surface. See: An oil-secreting gland of the skin. The prostate consists of a median lobe and two lateral lobes measuring about 2 × 4 × 3 cm and weighing about 20 g; it is enclosed in a fibrous capsule containing smooth muscle fiber in its inner layer. Secretions here are oxytocin, which acts specifically on smooth muscle of the uterus, increasing tone and contractility, and antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which increases reabsorption of water by the kidney tubules. Any of the glands that project from the surface of the synovial tissue into the joint space and secrete synovial fluid. Look it up now! Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. Pineal gland definition, a small, cone-shaped endocrine organ in the posterior forebrain, secreting melatonin and involved in biorhythms and gonadal development. These hormones regulate the rate of cellular metabolism throughout the body. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.There are several effective treatments for prostate gland enlargement, including medications, minimally invasive th… Medical Definition of Bartholin's gland. Organized aggregation of cells functioning as a secretory or excretory organ. Any of the lymph nodes anterior to the abdominal aorta. Definition of Gland. an aggregation of cells specialized to secrete or excrete materials not related to their ordinary metabolic needs. A lone secretory epithelial cell, often found in the midst of nonsecretory cells. Posterior lobe deficiency or hypothalamic lesion causes diabetes insipidus. The salivary glands can become inflamed, as in Sjogren's syndrome and mumps. Typically, the neck of the gland secretes mucus, the body of the gland secretes hydrochloric acid, and the base of the gland secretes enzymes and hormones. Any of the acinar glands of the tracheal mucosa. If you have a sleep disorder, it could be a sign that your pineal gland is … The adrenal medulla synthesizes and stores three catecholamines: dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine. Each of the 15 to 20 main ducts, known as lactiferous ducts, discharges through a separate orifice on the surface of the nipple. n. A small, cone-shaped organ in the brain of most vertebrates that secretes the hormone melatonin. It is a small structure in the head. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; home > gland Gland: A group of cells that secrete a substance for use in the body. Adrenal Glands Definition The adrenal glands are two separate glands located on the surface of the renal excretion apparatus. Synonym: Any of the lymph nodes located in front of the portal vein. Classification of glands according to mode of secretion. Other symptoms include blurring of vision caused by cataracts, poorly formed teeth if onset was in childhood, maldevelopment of hair and nails, and dry and scaly skin. Definition of Salivary gland. Also called hypophysis, pituitary body. Any of the glands in the olfactory mucous membranes. Any of the glands in the external auditory canal that secrete cerumen. The three catecholamines are also produced in other parts of the body. Definition of pituitary gland : a small oval endocrine organ that is attached to the infundibulum of the brain, consists of an epithelial anterior lobe joined by an intermediate part to a posterior lobe of nervous origin, and produces various internal secretions directly or indirectly impinging on most basic body functions The smallest of the major salivary glands, located in the tissue in the floor of the mouth between the tongue and mandible on each side. Medical definition of gland of Moll: any of the small glands near the free margin of each eyelid regarded as modified sweat glands —called also Moll's gland. Pineal gland, also called conarium, epiphysis cerebri, pineal organ, or pineal body, endocrine gland found in vertebrates that is the source of melatonin, a hormone derived from tryptophan that plays a central role in the regulation of circadian rhythm (the roughly 24-hour cycle of biological activities associated with natural periods of light and darkness). Their secretions are thought to be antibacterial. Some aberrant glands are found in the cheeks or lips of the oral cavity, well separated from hair follicles. Any of the glands near the oral cavity that secrete saliva. In women, these glands are made up of lobes and lobules bound together by areolar tissue. The dilatations of the ducts form reservoirs for the milk during lactation. What made you want to look up gland? From Copstead, 1995. Thyroid follicles consist of a ring of follicular cells surrounding a space filled with a clear colloid (a mixture of thyroglobulin proteins and iodine), from which the thyroid hormones (thyroxine and related molecules) are synthesized. In an adult, the average weight of an adrenal gland is 5 g (range: 4 to 14 g). French glande, from Old French, glandular swelling on the neck, gland, ultimately from Latin gland-, glans acorn; akin to Greek balanos acorn. It is a compound tubuloalveolar serous gland. Secretion may also be due to conditioned reflexes as when one thinks about food or hears a dinner bell. A gastric gland in the cardiac region of the stomach. Like exocrine and paracrine cells, endocrine cells are stimulated and inhibited by autonomic axons; the activities of endocrine cells are also modulated by circulating hormones, especially pituitary hormones. More intense emotional reactions, esp. Any of the glands of the vaginal vestibule. In women, luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates ovulation and formation of the corpus luteum and its secretion of estrogen and progesterone. Any of the hundreds of 1 to 2 mm diameter mucous-secreting salivary glands distributed throughout the oral submucosa. Synonym: A gland in which the cells remain intact during the elaboration and discharge of their secretion. Any of the gastric glands found in the fundus and body of the gastric mucosa. Synonym: Any of the glands, e.g., the mammary glands, whose cells lose some of their cytoplasmic contents in the formation of secretion. Anterior and posterior lobe deficiency and hypothalamic lesion cause Fröhlich syndrome (adiposogenital dystrophy) and pituitary obesity. The cortex arises in the embryo from a region of the mesoderm that also gives rise to the gonads. Accessed 22 Jan. 2021. Any of the small masses of lymphatic tissue in the lamina propria of the pyloric region of the stomach. Glands are divided into two main … See more. 1 : a cell, group of cells, or organ of endothelial origin that selectively removes materials from the blood, concentrates or alters them, and secretes them for further use in the body or for elimination from the body. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) — also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older. For example, if you have a mass in your salivary gland, your doctor may recommend surgery to … Numerous minor sublingual glands are scattered throughout the mucosa under the tongue, each with its own duct to the oral surface. Serous glands are most common in the gastrointestinal tract, notably in the salivary glands. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). Any of the tiny glands located below the margin of the vocal cords. Any of the mixed exocrine glands that form the epithelial pockets (pits) in the lining of the stomach; the glands are named for their location, e.g., cardiac glands, fundic glands, pyloric glands. The cells are arranged in cords. These include modified forms such as the ciliary, ceruminous, anal, preputial, areolar, and meibomian glands. Over time, untreated hypothyroidism can cause a number of health problems, such as obesity, joint pain, infertility and heart disease.Accurate thyroid function tests are available to diagnose hypothyroidism. Saliva lubricates food and makes it easier to taste, chew, and swallow. Treatment with syntheti… The nerve supply is from the inferior hypogastric plexus. A compound alveolar gland that secretes milk. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; home > salivary_gland Salivary gland: A gland in the mouth that produces saliva. See: A multicellular gland in which the cells secrete specific molecules into an oval or flask-shaped sac. Any of the glands of the tongue, including the anterior lingual glands, Ebner glands, and mucous glands at the root of the tongue. Histomorphological spectrum of salivary gland tumors in a tertiary care hospital--A retrospective study, Outer portion of gland on top of each kidney, Cortisol regulates carbohydrate and fat metabolism; aldosterone regulates salt and water balance, Hyperfunction: Adrenogenital syndrome; Cushing syndrome, Inner portion of adrenal gland; surrounded by adrenal cortex, Effects of epinephrine and norepinephrine mimic those of sympathetic nervous system; increases carbohydrate use for energy, Abdominal cavity; head adjacent to duodenum; tail close to spleen and kidney, Secretes insulin and glucagon, which regulate carbohydrate metabolism, Hyperfunction: If a tumor produces excess insulin, hypoglycemia, Four or more small glands on back of thyroid, Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium and phosphorus metabolism; indirectly affects muscular irritability, Hyperfunction: Hypercalcemia; resorption of bone; kidney stones; nausea; vomiting; altered mental status, Front portion of small gland below hypothalamus, Influences growth, sexual development, skin pigmentation, thyroid function, adrenocortical function through effects on other endocrine glands (except for growth hormone, which acts directly on cells), Hypofunction: Dwarfism in child; decrease in all other endocrine gland functions except parathyroids, Hyperfunction: Acromegaly in adult; giantism in child, Back portion of small gland below hypothalamus, Antidiuretic hormone increases absorption of water by kidney tubule, Testosterone and estrogen regulate sexual maturation and development of secondary sex characteristics; some effects on growth, Hypofunction: Lack of sex development or regression in adult, Hypofunction: Cretinism in young; myxedema in adult; goiter. The blood supply is from branches of the external carotid artery. From Applegate, 2000. See also exocrine gland, endocrine gland 2. SLIDESHOW Heart Disease: Causes of a Heart Attack See Slideshow. Most exocrine glands are multicellular: goblet cells are examples of unicellular exocrine glands. Any of the sweat glands in the axillae and pubic region that open into hair follicles rather than directly onto the surface of the skin as do eccrine sweat glands. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. A gastric gland in the pyloric region of the stomach. They appear after puberty and are more developed in women than in men. Pituitary gland: The main endocrine gland.It is a small structure in the head. Any of the glands of the skin, esp. an aggregation of cells specialized to secrete or excrete materials not related to their ordinary metabolic needs. This adrenal gland is often also referred to by another name, the suprarenal gland. CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR RELATED SLIDESHOW The lobes of the thyroid lie under the sternothyroid and sternohyoid muscles. The coiled secreting portion lies in the corium or subcutaneous portion of skin; the secretory duct follows a straight or oblique course through the dermis but becomes spiral in passing through the epidermis to its opening, a sweat pore. Small secretory and apocrine glands adjacent to follicles of eyelashes. Nglish: Translation of gland for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of gland for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about gland. The thyroid is filled with capillary networks (supplied by the superior and inferior thyroid arteries) that surround the many spherical units (follicles) packed inside the gland. Any of the sebaceous glands in the areola surrounding the nipple of the female breast. 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