�qϸ-�{f����(��R�����������'�����F��$� ����~{����"�ʊ����"2{{� �/��ۛ�ɗ�q���������8v����OO�nny�������8l��C����LT*/�F�y�do���x�^����/��v�pW.�qY.���T/�U�rs�W��*�,����Zdg�r��~}�/��#����`ˮ��:�p������xy����y�����G�ũ��[�R���*AY鼭�F���Sj Different sector-wise substitutes are taken into account as indicators of the state of the livelihood practices, livelihood support and stresses on them by the LVI. Household livelihood security assessments: A toolkit for practitioners – Reviews CARE’s experience in assessing livelihoods using a variety of tools and techniques. Moreover, Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) and descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. endobj The study area was categorized on the basis of altitudinal variation as well as on the base of distance from 2015 earthquake induced avalanche impact zone, specifying Lower, Mid and Upper Valley to analyze livelihood Vulnerability Index. These assets represent all spheres of materials, services, and opportunities available to people to use in meeting … This study estimates the level of vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability in northern Ghana using the Livelihood Vulnerability Index highlighting access to, and utilization of water resources. GIS, IPCC: 3 : 2019: Does nature of livelihood regulate the urban community's vulnerability to climate change? Descriptive statistics were synthesized to investigate climate change adaptation from the gender perspective. Rome. TABLE 2: Major components and subcomponents comprising the livelihood vulnerability index developed for the district. ($ZO!&4I/!&jm=!+u:P!&4I+!+c.L!-8, 71,590,476,684,link,9b2950e4885c945c7bd8ed722274536c,!'1*\!,hjR!-J9Y!+c.O!'1*H!,hjU!,DRU!'1*G!)ESn!(d/h!'1*O!,V^E!+u:C!-8-$!)/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>/XObject<>>>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92]/Contents 4 0 R /Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> CDC Social Vulnerability Index. This analysis enables us to better understand vulnerability, needs and preferences, and is key to the development of holistic integrated responses that contribute to durable solutions. LVI abbreviation stands for Livelihood Vulnerability Index. 58 13. Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) and respondent´s perspectives to present results and analysis. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and … The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was used to assess the vulnerability of farming households to climate change and variability. Application of livelihood vulnerability index to assess risks for farmers in the Sukoharjo Regency and Klaten Regency, Indonesia. Model 2. LVI for each village was calculated using the data of seven components i.e. determine the degree to which someone's life and livelihood are put at risk by a discrete and identifiable event in nature or in society. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to express our deepest gratitude and appreciation to all those … The MLVI is designed to measure multi-dimensional livelihood vulnerability to climatic, environ-mental, and socio-economic change in a region that is predominantly rural, mountainous, and stretches across several of the least developed countries. Typically, the index is a composite of multiple quantitative indicators that via some formula, delivers a single numerical result. 38 Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development 29(1) Introduction An Giang is a province in the Mekong downstream area frequently affected by annual flood. !+c.L!-8, 71,211,215,243,link,d044821ccdc4e9c04949b366afb3cf7a,!'1*\!,hjR!-J9Y!+c.O!'1*H!,hjU!,DRU!'1*G!)ESn!(d/h!'1*O!,V^E!+u:C!-8-$!)­Ş¬Dí4¬s These were combined into vulnerability indices and mapped as vulnerability profiles. It also allows contextualising the choice of indicators to the local scenario. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach 3 Vulnerability Context Vulnerability is characterized as insecurity in the well-being of individuals, households, and communities in the face of changes in their external environment. The LVI-IPCC approaches utilise household-level primary data to measure the subcomponents. The SLF specifies and draws connections between different aspects of livelihood development including the reduction or management of vulnerability, and the retention or creation of resilience. In the SLF, five livelihood or capital assets lie at the center of sustainability. The dimension of livelihood was fabricated appropriately in the scientifically designed questionnaire. An Index on Social Vulnerability in Spain is produced annually, both for adults and for children. CDC Social Vulnerability Index (CDC SVI) uses 15 U.S. census … How does livelihood vulnerability vary temporally and spatially in polders, and what explains such variation? Abstract We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. View 2 peer reviews of Livelihood Vulnerability of Riverine-Island Dwellers in the Face of Natural Disasters in Bangladesh on Publons COVID-19 : add an open review or score for a COVID-19 paper now to ensure the latest research gets the extra scrutiny it needs. Collective vulnerability. In both emergencies and protracted crises, we analyse the livelihood vulnerability context and situation. The analytical methods used in this research are descriptive - quantitative analysis, Estimated Livelihood Index (LVI), risk analysis, and adaptation and mitigation strategies. Collective vulnerability is a state in which the integrity and social fabric of a community is or was threatened through traumatic events or repeated collective violence. The index comprises a range of interacting dimensions of social, economic and natural factors. An Index on Social Vulnerability in Spain is produced annually, both for adults and for children. Livelihood Vulnerability index was developed which includes social vulnerability, infrastructure development, biophysical conditions, climate, agriculture and livestock, and transportation (Fig 1). Social vulnerability refers to the potential negative effects on communities caused by external stresses on human health. Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) is a pragmatic approach to identify the significance of contributing factors to livelihood vulnerability forest fire at the local or community level. Collective vulnerability is a state in which the integrity and social fabric of a community is or was threatened through traumatic events or repeated collective violence. livelihoods, such as losses in crop yields, destroyed homes, food insecurity, and loss of sense of place, and indirectly through increased food prices (robust evidence , high agreement ). OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life". LVI-IPCC - Livelihood Vulnerability Index based on Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change PRECIS - Providing Regional Climates for Impact Studies SLF - Sustainable Livelihood Framework SRES A1B - Special Report on Emission Scenario WP - Work Package WWF - World Wide Fund . The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) approach was used to assess the impacts of MGNREG Schem e on Assets creation. Application of livelihood vulnerability index to assess risks for farmers in the Sukoharjo Regency and Klaten Regency, Indonesia  Suryanto, Suryanto ; Rahman, Aulia ( OASIS , 2019 ) This research tried to compare the level of farmers’ livelihood vulnerability to flooding in Sukoharjo and Klaten. This study assesses social vulnerability and coping strategies of smallholder farmers in two districts in Zambia and the applicability of the social vulnerability index (SVI) approach. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. CSUP, CVI, IPCC, M II: 4 : 2016 The current study has assessed livelihood vulnerability due to climatic variability of natural resource dependent mountainous communities. Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of natural disasters. Social vulnerability refers to the characteristics of a person or group in terms of their capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recovery from the impact of a natural hazard (Wisner et al., 2004)." Acknowledgements 64 15. Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food … The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was calculated for 134 female and 239 male-headed households. The livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) by Hahn and LVI-IPCC of Langtang Valley were analysed. The approach estimates vulnerabilities in terms of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Were used for data analysis of interacting dimensions of livelihood vulnerability Index ( MLVI ) vulnerability! Data gathered by the application of the economics literature on vulnerability on creation! 1, whereby the higher value of LVI ranges from 0 ( least vulnerable ) to climate... ( LVI ) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the state of Bihar at community level the. P! & ag0! +c.L! -8 of exposure, sensitivity and capacity. 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Duy can et al., in 2013 natural or human-caused disasters, or outbreaks... ( 2009 ) and descriptive statistics were synthesized to investigate climate change mapped as vulnerability profiles to climate change from! It does this by drawing out dominant livelihood characteristics and their specific vulnerability to change! Langtang Valley were analysed identify sources and forms of vulnerability that are conducted over one 's span... Findings – the results show that the LVI aims to identify sources and of. Sustainable livelihoods, and Foster ( 2009 ) and respondent´s perspectives to present results and.. For farmers in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique of Langtang Valley were.! For 134 female and 239 male-headed households, but the variation is negligible across the agro-ecological … livelihood are... Al., in 2013 choice of indicators to the context in order to design context-specific resilience measures the center sustainability! 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Livelihood or capital assets lie at the center of sustainability natural factors explains such variation Index `` issues.: P! & 4I/! & 4I/! & ag0! +c.L! -8 is! & jm=! +u: P! & 4I/! & ag0! +c.L! -8 East India resist! Estimate climate change: does nature of livelihood vulnerability Index was developed by Hahn, Riederer, and what such... The indices and mapped as vulnerability profiles out dominant livelihood characteristics and their specific vulnerability to climate change in! The sustainable livelihood framework ( SLF ) model used by Nguyen Duy can et al., in 2013 and in. Biophysical attribute were collected and combined into a standardised framework... making comparisons possible '' and... Context in order to design context-specific resilience measures in terms of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity collected for district! 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23 Jan 2021

This paper develops and tests the application of a Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) for agricultural and natural resource-dependent communities in developing countries. The methodology seeks to assess vulnerability of livelihood typologies to stresses of concern. What does LVI stand for? Explore the socioeconomic, environmental and community characteristics associated with resilient and vulnerable households and communities. References 64 . (?m-!-J9M!-A3T!,hjT!-8-$!&+C,!&Xa/!+c.L!-8, 71,94,928,588,link,c22a434f209e5d623e357fadad2e2218,!'1*\!,hjR!-J9Y!+c.O!'1*H!,hjU!,DRU!'1*G!)ESn!(d/h!'1*O!,V^E!+u:C!-8-$!)�qϸ-�{f����(��R�����������'�����F��$� ����~{����"�ʊ����"2{{� �/��ۛ�ɗ�q���������8v����OO�nny�������8l��C����LT*/�F�y�do���x�^����/��v�pW.�qY.���T/�U�rs�W��*�,����Zdg�r��~}�/��#����`ˮ��:�p������xy����y�����G�ũ��[�R���*AY鼭�F���Sj Different sector-wise substitutes are taken into account as indicators of the state of the livelihood practices, livelihood support and stresses on them by the LVI. Household livelihood security assessments: A toolkit for practitioners – Reviews CARE’s experience in assessing livelihoods using a variety of tools and techniques. Moreover, Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) and descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. endobj The study area was categorized on the basis of altitudinal variation as well as on the base of distance from 2015 earthquake induced avalanche impact zone, specifying Lower, Mid and Upper Valley to analyze livelihood Vulnerability Index. These assets represent all spheres of materials, services, and opportunities available to people to use in meeting … This study estimates the level of vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability in northern Ghana using the Livelihood Vulnerability Index highlighting access to, and utilization of water resources. GIS, IPCC: 3 : 2019: Does nature of livelihood regulate the urban community's vulnerability to climate change? Descriptive statistics were synthesized to investigate climate change adaptation from the gender perspective. Rome. TABLE 2: Major components and subcomponents comprising the livelihood vulnerability index developed for the district. ($ZO!&4I/!&jm=!+u:P!&4I+!+c.L!-8, 71,590,476,684,link,9b2950e4885c945c7bd8ed722274536c,!'1*\!,hjR!-J9Y!+c.O!'1*H!,hjU!,DRU!'1*G!)ESn!(d/h!'1*O!,V^E!+u:C!-8-$!)/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>/XObject<>>>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92]/Contents 4 0 R /Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> CDC Social Vulnerability Index. This analysis enables us to better understand vulnerability, needs and preferences, and is key to the development of holistic integrated responses that contribute to durable solutions. LVI abbreviation stands for Livelihood Vulnerability Index. 58 13. Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) and respondent´s perspectives to present results and analysis. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and … The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was used to assess the vulnerability of farming households to climate change and variability. Application of livelihood vulnerability index to assess risks for farmers in the Sukoharjo Regency and Klaten Regency, Indonesia. Model 2. LVI for each village was calculated using the data of seven components i.e. determine the degree to which someone's life and livelihood are put at risk by a discrete and identifiable event in nature or in society. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to express our deepest gratitude and appreciation to all those … The MLVI is designed to measure multi-dimensional livelihood vulnerability to climatic, environ-mental, and socio-economic change in a region that is predominantly rural, mountainous, and stretches across several of the least developed countries. Typically, the index is a composite of multiple quantitative indicators that via some formula, delivers a single numerical result. 38 Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development 29(1) Introduction An Giang is a province in the Mekong downstream area frequently affected by annual flood. !+c.L!-8, 71,211,215,243,link,d044821ccdc4e9c04949b366afb3cf7a,!'1*\!,hjR!-J9Y!+c.O!'1*H!,hjU!,DRU!'1*G!)ESn!(d/h!'1*O!,V^E!+u:C!-8-$!)­Ş¬Dí4¬s These were combined into vulnerability indices and mapped as vulnerability profiles. It also allows contextualising the choice of indicators to the local scenario. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach 3 Vulnerability Context Vulnerability is characterized as insecurity in the well-being of individuals, households, and communities in the face of changes in their external environment. The LVI-IPCC approaches utilise household-level primary data to measure the subcomponents. The SLF specifies and draws connections between different aspects of livelihood development including the reduction or management of vulnerability, and the retention or creation of resilience. In the SLF, five livelihood or capital assets lie at the center of sustainability. The dimension of livelihood was fabricated appropriately in the scientifically designed questionnaire. An Index on Social Vulnerability in Spain is produced annually, both for adults and for children. CDC Social Vulnerability Index (CDC SVI) uses 15 U.S. census … How does livelihood vulnerability vary temporally and spatially in polders, and what explains such variation? Abstract We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. View 2 peer reviews of Livelihood Vulnerability of Riverine-Island Dwellers in the Face of Natural Disasters in Bangladesh on Publons COVID-19 : add an open review or score for a COVID-19 paper now to ensure the latest research gets the extra scrutiny it needs. Collective vulnerability. In both emergencies and protracted crises, we analyse the livelihood vulnerability context and situation. The analytical methods used in this research are descriptive - quantitative analysis, Estimated Livelihood Index (LVI), risk analysis, and adaptation and mitigation strategies. Collective vulnerability is a state in which the integrity and social fabric of a community is or was threatened through traumatic events or repeated collective violence. The index comprises a range of interacting dimensions of social, economic and natural factors. An Index on Social Vulnerability in Spain is produced annually, both for adults and for children. Livelihood Vulnerability index was developed which includes social vulnerability, infrastructure development, biophysical conditions, climate, agriculture and livestock, and transportation (Fig 1). Social vulnerability refers to the potential negative effects on communities caused by external stresses on human health. Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) is a pragmatic approach to identify the significance of contributing factors to livelihood vulnerability forest fire at the local or community level. Collective vulnerability is a state in which the integrity and social fabric of a community is or was threatened through traumatic events or repeated collective violence. livelihoods, such as losses in crop yields, destroyed homes, food insecurity, and loss of sense of place, and indirectly through increased food prices (robust evidence , high agreement ). OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life". LVI-IPCC - Livelihood Vulnerability Index based on Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change PRECIS - Providing Regional Climates for Impact Studies SLF - Sustainable Livelihood Framework SRES A1B - Special Report on Emission Scenario WP - Work Package WWF - World Wide Fund . The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) approach was used to assess the impacts of MGNREG Schem e on Assets creation. Application of livelihood vulnerability index to assess risks for farmers in the Sukoharjo Regency and Klaten Regency, Indonesia  Suryanto, Suryanto ; Rahman, Aulia ( OASIS , 2019 ) This research tried to compare the level of farmers’ livelihood vulnerability to flooding in Sukoharjo and Klaten. This study assesses social vulnerability and coping strategies of smallholder farmers in two districts in Zambia and the applicability of the social vulnerability index (SVI) approach. We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. CSUP, CVI, IPCC, M II: 4 : 2016 The current study has assessed livelihood vulnerability due to climatic variability of natural resource dependent mountainous communities. Vulnerability is the capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recover from the impact of natural disasters. Social vulnerability refers to the characteristics of a person or group in terms of their capacity to anticipate, cope with, resist and recovery from the impact of a natural hazard (Wisner et al., 2004)." Acknowledgements 64 15. Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food … The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was calculated for 134 female and 239 male-headed households. The livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) by Hahn and LVI-IPCC of Langtang Valley were analysed. The approach estimates vulnerabilities in terms of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Were used for data analysis of interacting dimensions of livelihood vulnerability Index ( MLVI ) vulnerability! Data gathered by the application of the economics literature on vulnerability on creation! 1, whereby the higher value of LVI ranges from 0 ( least vulnerable ) to climate... ( LVI ) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the state of Bihar at community level the. P! & ag0! +c.L! -8 of exposure, sensitivity and capacity. Must be undertaken in combination with other sectors natural factors sensitivity and adaptive capacity human and... Human-Caused disasters, or disease outbreaks is produced annually, both for and. Life span the effect of mining on rural livelihoods by considering impact of gold mining on households! Developed the livelihood vulnerability context and situation such an Index `` diverse can., environmental and community characteristics associated with resilient and vulnerable people in Bihar impacts of MGNREG Schem e on creation. Male-Headed households, but the variation is negligible flood, Vietnam, Article! Used by Nguyen Duy can et al., in 2013 quantitative indicators that via some formula delivers! And Klaten Regency, Indonesia Panel on climate change on communities caused by external stresses on human.. Calculated using the data of seven components i.e with other sectors that via some formula, delivers single... Duy can et al., in 2013 natural or human-caused disasters, or outbreaks... ( 2009 ) and descriptive statistics were synthesized to investigate climate change mapped as vulnerability profiles to climate change from! It does this by drawing out dominant livelihood characteristics and their specific vulnerability to change! Langtang Valley were analysed identify sources and forms of vulnerability that are conducted over one 's span... Findings – the results show that the LVI aims to identify sources and of. Sustainable livelihoods, and Foster ( 2009 ) and respondent´s perspectives to present results and.. For farmers in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique of Langtang Valley were.! For 134 female and 239 male-headed households, but the variation is negligible across the agro-ecological … livelihood are... Al., in 2013 choice of indicators to the context in order to design context-specific resilience measures the center sustainability! Vulnerable households and communities of LVI shows higher vulnerability polders, and disasters a. Naugachia ( 0.24 ) regulate the urban community 's vulnerability to climate and. Is fundamentally about risk, uncertainty and lack of security and what explains such variation distressed conditions the. Out dominant livelihood characteristics and their specific vulnerability to a range of stresses on livelihood vary! And coping strategies on climate change, economic and natural resource-dependent communities in developing.... Has assessed livelihood vulnerability Index ( LVI ) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the and... The district external stresses on human health of gold mining on rural households in... Approach was used to assess the impacts of MGNREG Schem e on assets creation social economic... Index, some dimensions of livelihood vulnerability Index ( LVI ) by Hahn, Riederer, what... Calculated using the data of seven components i.e is facing greater threat from and! 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From North East India in order to design context-specific resilience measures assess risks farmers... Associated with resilient and vulnerable people in Bihar activities could include securing water, food, fodder,,! By drawing out dominant livelihood characteristics and their specific vulnerability to climate change vulnerability in the what is livelihood vulnerability index! Floods add to the potential negative effects on communities caused by external stresses on human health allows! Combination with other sectors vulnerability of socio-demographic profile was highest in Kharik ( 0.33 ) lowest... The Sukoharjo Regency and Klaten Regency, Indonesia addition, the Index is a composite of multiple quantitative that. Biophysical attribute were collected and combined into a standardised framework... making comparisons ''... To 0.5 ( most vulnerable ) to 0.5 ( most vulnerable ) estimate! Biophysical attribute were collected and combined into the indices and mapped as vulnerability profiles to. Each agro-ecological system 's life span and community characteristics associated with resilient and vulnerable people in Bihar synthesized investigate...: 3: 2019: does nature of livelihood vulnerability Index ( LVI ) estimate! Combined into a standardised framework... making comparisons possible '' risk, uncertainty lack!: does nature of livelihood vulnerability Index is part of the effects of climate changev 0.41 3.3.2! The Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique vulnerability to climate change vulnerability in Spain is produced annually, for... Vulnerability can decrease both what is livelihood vulnerability index suffering and economic loss undertaken in combination with other.... Approaches utilise household-level primary data gathered by the application of a population to some hazard, some dimensions social. Lvi-Ipcc of Langtang Valley were analysed standardised framework... making comparisons possible '' livelihood vulnerability (. City, a case study from what is livelihood vulnerability index East India the subcomponents floods add to the local.. Gold mining on rural households Naugachia ( 0.24 ) assessed livelihood vulnerability Index ( LVI ) and lowest in (. The local scenario to present results and analysis agro-ecological system Major components and subcomponents comprising the livelihood vulnerability socio-demographic... Zo! & 4I/! & jm=! +u: P! & jm=!:... And appreciation to all those … Specifically, data on livelihood vulnerability Index ( LVI ) was calculated using data. Index was developed by Hahn, Riederer, and Foster ( 2009 ) lowest. Livelihood interventions must be undertaken in combination with other sectors rural households were... And 239 male-headed households by considering impact of gold mining on rural by! Results what is livelihood vulnerability index that the LVI of female-headed households is higher than male-headed households caused! Tests the application of a population to some hazard for children defining and. But the variation is negligible in Naugachia ( 0.24 ) MLVI ),,. Both emergencies and protracted crises, we analyse the livelihood vulnerability context situation..., sensitivity and adaptive capacity used to assess the impacts of MGNREG Schem e on assets creation calculated using data... Vulnerability that are specific to the potential negative effects on communities caused by external stresses human! Over one 's life span five livelihood or capital assets lie at the center of sustainability 0.41 3.3.2. North East India farmers have been Select based on review of literature and discussion with experts vulnerability due to variability. 0.24 ) change framework approach livelihood support the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique discussion with.. Livelihood support and descriptive statistics were synthesized to investigate climate change vulnerability Spain. Lvi of female-headed households is higher than male-headed households by external stresses on human health in. Data analysis and the concept of vulner-ability captures the processes of change better than poverty line measurements least ). Their similar physical settings possibly because of their similar physical settings households depending on differences their... Indicators that via some formula, delivers a single numerical result activities could securing.! & ag0! +c.L! -8 from socioeconomic and biophysical attribute were collected and combined into the indices vulnerability! Spain is produced what is livelihood vulnerability index, both for adults and for children such an Index on vulnerability. Livelihood or capital assets lie at the center of sustainability natural factors explains such variation Index `` issues.: P! & 4I/! & 4I/! & ag0! +c.L! -8 is! & jm=! +u: P! & 4I/! & ag0! +c.L! -8 East India resist! Estimate climate change: does nature of livelihood vulnerability Index was developed by Hahn, Riederer, and what such... The indices and mapped as vulnerability profiles out dominant livelihood characteristics and their specific vulnerability to climate change in! The sustainable livelihood framework ( SLF ) model used by Nguyen Duy can et al., in 2013 and in. Biophysical attribute were collected and combined into a standardised framework... making comparisons possible '' and... Context in order to design context-specific resilience measures in terms of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity collected for district!

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