, When the zona glomerulosa produces excess aldosterone, the result is primary aldosteronism.  However, these publications were part of the papal library and did not receive public attention, which was first received with Caspar Bartholin the Elder's illustrations in 1611. When the words are combined, understanding the meanings will be much simpler. , Catecholamine release is stimulated by the activation of the sympathetic nervous system. In the Western world, Addison's disease is most commonly an autoimmune condition, in which the body produces antibodies against cells of the adrenal cortex. , Bartolomeo Eustachi, an Italian anatomist, is credited with the first description of the adrenal glands in 1563–4. , The human genome includes approximately 20,000 protein coding genes and 70% of these genes are expressed in the normal adult adrenal glands.  For example, at age three months the glands are four times the size of the kidneys. , The adrenal medulla is at the centre of each adrenal gland, and is surrounded by the adrenal cortex. Glucocorticoids produced in the adrenal cortex stimulate the synthesis of catecholamines by increasing the levels of tyrosine hydroxylase and PNMT. In the kidneys, aldosterone acts on the distal convoluted tubules and the collecting ducts by increasing the reabsorption of sodium and the excretion of both potassium and hydrogen ions. , The adrenal cortex produces three main types of steroid hormones: mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and androgens. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. – player = play / er – arthritis = arthr / itis – hepatitis = hepat / itis 1 3/17/2019 Dr Atef Masad 2 3/17/2019 Dr Atef Masad Word Root … Suffixes are attached at the end of words to change or add to the original meaning. The superior suprarenal arteries are multiple small branches from the inferior phrenic artery, whereas the middle suprarenal artery is a direct branch from the abdominal aorta. They are seen in around 3.4% of CT scans, and in most cases they are benign adenomas. The fetal zone produces large amounts of adrenal androgens (male sex hormones) that are used by the placenta for estrogen biosynthesis. In humans, it is located in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen, below the diaphragm.Its other roles in metabolism include the regulation of glycogen storage, decomposition of red blood cells, and the production of hormones. As their name suggests, they increase the circulating level of glucose. athlete’s foot), myelocyte (a cell in bone marrow which develops into a granulocyte), myxoma (a benign tumour of mucous tissue, usually found in subcutaneous tissue of the limbs and neck), nasosinusitis (a condition in which the nose and sinuses swell up), nephrolithiasis (a condition in which stones form in the kidney), neurohormone (a hormone produced in some nerve cells and secreted from the nerve endings), oculoplethysmography (measurement of the pressure, oncogene (a part of the genetic system which causes malignant tumours to develop), ophthalmoplegia (paralysis of the muscles of the eye), orchitis (inflammation of the testes, characterised by hypertrophy, pain and a sensation of weight), oropharynx (a part of the pharynx below the soft palate at the back of the mouth), otorrhoea (the discharge of pus from the ear), paediatrics (the study of children, their development and diseases.  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